The Cambridge Disaster Research Network (CDRN) is a network for those interested in disasters and natural hazards from departments across the University of Cambridge and researchers and practitioners outside of Cambridge. Our objective is to connect hazard and disaster research and researchers across disciplines and to link academic approaches to the needs and experience of practitioners. We particularly hope to connect a scientific understanding of hazards to social science, humanities and arts research, and industry practitioners, required to prevent disasters. 

 

Specifically, CDRN aims to:

 

  1. Encourage a shared meaning in the language used to discuss hazards and disasters.
  2. Develop a deeper understanding of the values of different stakeholders. 
  3. Connect researchers to external practitioners, from the policy, engineering, and development sectors amongst others.
  4. Investigate how different value systems, or notions of harm, lead to different approaches to preparing for natural hazards, and characterizing and responding to disasters. 
  5. Create a repository of online material to allow the network to extend beyond Cambridge (recordings of past seminars are below)

Seminars – Lent (Jan-Mar) 2023: 

Seminars for the Lent term are being currently being planned and details will be shared shortly – if you have any suggestions or would like to give a talk or suggest topics or speakers please contact any of the convenors. 

How to join and attend the seminars

The zoom links to attend the seminars and other network updates will be shared with members of the CDRN Mailing List, so please join the mailing list if you would like to attend the talks or be involved in the network. 

 Convenors:
Ainsley Trahan
Ellen Kujawa
Kate McNeil
Maria Ikonomova
Tilly Hall
Network founders and past convenors:
camilla
Dr. Camilla Penney
Hannah_-_photo_for_CRASSH_2
Dr. Hannah Baker
s200_milena.viceconte
Dr. Milena Viceconte
profile pic
Dr. Rory Walshe
Sarah_Headshot.max-500x400
Dr. Sarah Dryhurst

Past Seminars:

Michaelmas Term 2022:

  • Heatwaves: the silent disaster

Tuesday 22 November 3pm

Heatwaves have had devastating effects throughout history.  Despite the threats posed by heatwaves to human health and safety, and their implications for national economies, heatwaves are comparatively understudied within academia. Moreover, they are often not regarded by governments or media as a ‘disaster’. There are various reasons for this, including: heatwaves do not involve mass destruction of property, the deaths that result from heatwaves are often relatively widely dispersed, and they are often not directly attributed to heatstroke. However extreme heat is increasing in severity and intensity. It is necessary to understand (1) the (unequal) threat this poses to communities, and (2) the power that lies in interdisciplinary mitigative tools to prepare for and protect against heatwaves in an inclusive manner.

Speakers: 

Dr. Gulrez Azhar (Center for Health and the Global Environment, University of Washington)

Mr. Mihir Bhatt (All India Disaster Mitigation Institute)

Dr. Carlee Purdum (Texas A&M University)

  • Understanding the Cascading Impacts of Disasters

Tuesday 8 November 3pm

Disasters can lead to fatalities, property destruction, and environmental damage. While media and government agencies report these immediate impacts of disasters, uncertainty can exist regarding these direct consequences. Disasters also contribute to cascading impacts which can be even more uncertain and difficult to assess. This seminar explored existing research that can help to develop a more holistic understanding of the cascading impacts of disasters.

Speakers:

Dr. Radley Horton (Columbia University)

Dr. Lauryn Spearing (University of Illinois Chicago)

Dr. Gianluca Pescaroli (UCL IRDR)

  • Equity and Justice in Disasters

Tuesday 25 October 3pm 

The risks, impacts, and responses to hazards and disasters are inequitably distributed: race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic and educational status, and other demographic factors inform communities’ risk levels, response capacity, and overall vulnerability. Moreover, disasters themselves can accelerate pre-existing social trends, often intensifying existing inequities. The entanglement between equity, justice, and disaster is evident in both high-income, developed locations – Hurricanes Harvey and Katrina disproportionately affected low-income, Black, and Latinx communities in the United States, for example – and in low-income, developing states, especially those that are former and current colonial possessions. Clear-eyed awareness of the connections between equity, justice, and disaster is essential to advancing equitable disaster risk reduction policy and to conducting reflexive disaster research; in this session, we invited panelists to discuss recent scholarship on these complicated connections.

Speakers:

Dr. Susan Cutter (University of South Carolina)

Dr. Idit Alphandary (University of Cambridge & Tel Aviv University)

 

  • The Cultural Sense of Disasters 

Tuesday 11 October 3pm

People experience disasters very differently, often supposing they possess the most “correct” or “rational” interpretation of reality. In this session, two speakers will discuss conflicting attitudes and practices in dealing with risks and disasters, introducing the concept of “fields of practice” using two case studies: the HIV -AIDS crisis in Botswana and the volcanic crisis of El Hierro, Canary Islands. Fields of practice describe different social nexuses employing specific perceptions and dealings, due to either profession, social ties, or worldview. Individuals are always part of such fields but simultaneously singularities, meaning that they can personally make a difference, especially in disaster situations. The ruptures and dynamics between different worlds of experience and ways of dealing with risk are not a “flaw in the system” but the key to a better understanding of disastrous situations, as this seminar explored.

Speakers:

Dr. Klaus Geiselhart (Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)

Dr. Benedikt Orlowski (Department of Urban Research, City of Nuremberg)

Lent Term 2022: 

  • What causes disasters: Historical processes

Tuesday 8 March 3pm

Knowledge of politics and practices implemented by past societies can be very useful in today’s elaboration of prevention strategies and disaster responses. This session focused on how historical processes have influenced the construction of disaster management policies, and how art and humanities approaches can be used to elicit the prevention of future disasters through two case studies: on the one hand the city of Quito (Ecuador), that has expanded over a territory affected by repeated earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides/mudflows/inundations throughout modern history, on the other, the volcanic eruption of the Laki fissure (Iceland), which caused lava flows, poisoned fields, and famine in Iceland and a fog of volcanic gases across the northern hemisphere.

Speakers: 

Dr Katrin Kleeman

Dr Elisa Sevilla

Discussant and chair: 

Professor Greg Bankoff

  • What causes disasters: Implications of language for understanding causality and impact

Monday 7 February 3pm

This session focuses on the dilemmas of language in defining and/or using the terminology of a disaster, and the implications that this may have on people’s understanding of causality and who is impacted by natural hazard events. Questions explored by the speakers will include: who defines when a disaster becomes a disaster, and does everyone impacted consider the event to be a disaster? Additionally, why is there a need to move away from the term ‘natural disasters’ and viewing disasters as one off-events?

Speakers: 

Dr Steven Forrest (University of Hull)

Dr Ksenia Chmutina (Loughborough University)

Peter McGowran (King’s College London)

  • What causes disasters: Keynote – Professor Ilan Kelman 

Tuesday 25 January 3pm

A tsunami inundates Tonga as a pandemic’s death toll mounts around the world. We hear that nature runs rampant, seeking to destroy us through these ‘natural disasters’, with climate change at the forefront. Science recounts a different story: disasters are not usually the consequence of environmental phenomena, such as volcanoes and climate. Instead, they occur due to human choices and decisions. We put ourselves and others in harm’s way while failing to take measures which we know would prevent disasters, no matter what nature throws at us. Disasters are not natural because the causes are human values, attitudes, behaviour, and decisions.

Speaker

Dr Ilan Kelman (UCL-IRDR and the Institute for Global Health)

Michaelmas Term 2021:

  • Citizen science and disasters

Tuesday 23 November 4pm

Disaster citizen science initiatives have evolved out of the long-held belief that accounting for the knowledge of those experiencing disasters is essential to effectively develop and design responses to disaster risk. Such efforts have proved successful in addressing disasters and reducing risks, particularly providing new knowledge of the past behaviour of certain hazards, early warnings and the management of impacts. This seminar presents two case studies of citizen science and investigates the advances that have been made and how citizen science can or should be harnessed in the management and research of disasters.

Speakers: 

Laure Fallou (CSEM-EMSC LastQuake)

Sophie Mower (Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team).

  • Stories and new methods of risk analysis: Lessons from a CDRN – IRG workshop

Tuesday 9 November 4pm

On the 22nd of March this year, we held a joint workshop between the Cambridge Disaster Research Network (CDRN) and the Infrastructure Resilience Group (IRG) online. This workshop experimented with a newly developed method in risk studies / horizon scanning called downward counterfactual analysis. In simple terms the workshop took a historical disaster event (the 365CE Cretan earthquake and tsunami) and asked five groups of interdisciplinary researchers, using three definitions of ‘worse’ to build worst-case scenarios. Twenty-two members of CDRN and IRG participated in the exercise. This special CDRN seminar summarizes some of the results of the exercise, some of the lessons learnt and discusses their implications.

Speakers:

Camilla Penney (Earth Sciences)

Hannah Baker (CRASSH)

  • Disaster Early Warning

Tuesday 26 October 4pm

How can we warn populations of imminent hazards? How do such warnings interact with the socio-political context in which they are given? And how can we extend these warnings beyond hazards, to anticipate potential disasters? This panel discussion investigates the role of early warning systems in disasters, and how such warning systems can mitigate disasters. Recognising that the stages of the “disaster cycle” are far from distinct, we will consider warnings on different timescales, both immediately before a hazard and in the months and years over which the political, social and economic contexts of disaster develop.

Speakers:

Mirianna Budimir (Practical Action)

Rachel Hunt (UCL)

Beatrice Riva (ACAPS).

  • Dealing with disasters in past societies

Tuesday 12 October 4pm

In the last decades, the study of disasters in the past from a historical perspective has shown how these events deeply modified the political, economic and social life of pre-industrial societies. In this seminar, we focused on analysing the way in which past societies have dealt with disasters. From the coexistence of multiple interpretations of their causes to the importance of information networks in the aftermath of the disaster, or the leading role of experts in the resolution of the emergency.

Speaker: 

Maïka De Keyzer (KU Leuven)

Easter term 2021:

  • Heritage as a value in crisis situations

Tuesday 15 June, 4pm

A crisis situation—whether emerging from war, revolution, or violent conflict—elicits the problem of addressing urban heritage as part of recovery and reconciliation, leading to the broader question of who has the legitimacy to make such decisions. Given that heritage is a value-laden term that attracts stakeholders with different agendas, this decision-making process is contentious. This seminar explored the concept of heritage as a value in three geographical contexts: Lebanon, Syria, and Tunisia.
Speakers:
  • Planetary defense and disasters from space

Tuesday 1 June, 4pm

An entire genre of films and television concerns disasters and hazards from space, particularly including asteroids. But how accurate are these popular portrayals and how are asteroid risks managed and addressed? What is the current status of and best practices for planetary defense and disaster management? This seminar brought together international experts from the US and Europe in a discussion of contemporary asteroid deflection missions and disaster response. 

Speakers: 

Lindley Johnson (NASA – PDCO)

Dr. Patrick Michel (CNRS and head of ESA HERA mission)

Leviticus “L.A.” Lewis (FEMA)

  • Disasters within disasters: interacting hazards on multiple timescales

Tuesday 25 May, 4pm

We often think of hazard events as occurring in isolation, but interactions between hazards, particularly those which unfold over very different timescales, present unique challenges for disaster management. This seminar investigated how we can prepare for sudden hazards, such as earthquakes, flooding, or volcanic eruptions, in the context of longer-term disasters, such as climate change and the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. 

Speakers:

Sebastian Kaminski (ARUP)

Dr Riam Kuyakanon Knapp (SocAnth, Cambridge)

Dr Teresa Armijos Burneo (UEA) 

  • Representing disasters in museums

Tuesday 4 May, 4pm

Within the different types of science museums, those dedicated to disasters (mostly, earthquakes) aim to foment in the general public a greater awareness of risk. Many museum exhibits arise from an exchange with the scientific field, explaining knowledge in terms that everyone can understand. In this seminar, we focused on the features and strategy of these institutions, their educational programs to both expert and non-expert public, and their role in the local and global context of the management of risk.

Speakers:

Dr. Chiara Maria Petrone (Natural History Museum of London, Department of Earth Sciences)

Dr. Ryan Wyatt (Morrison Planetarium and Science Visualization, California Academy of Sciences)

Constanza Gómez (Museo de Sitio de Chaitén, Procultura Foundation).

Lent Term 2021:

  • Economics and disasters

Tuesday 9 March, 4pm 

Disasters and economics are intimately related. When they occur disasters can significantly impact economies and financial systems at national and global scales. However, investment in mitigation and disaster risk reduction can significantly reduce these costs. More generally, particular economic systems can exacerbate the effects of hazard events and their societal impacts. This session will explore the different ways hazards, vulnerability and disasters interact with financial and economic systems, and how such systems can be used to reduce and mitigate disaster risk.

Speakers:

Dr Farnaz Mahdavian (Institute for Industrial Production, Karlsruhe Institute for Technology)

Dr Marcus Wiens (Institute for Industrial Production, Karlsruhe Institute for Technology)

Dr Emily Wilkinson (Overseas Development Institute)

Dr Jana Bacevic (Durham)

  • Animals and disasters

Tuesday 23 February, 4pm

The role that animals play in disaster response, recovery, and experience is often overlooked in policy and academia due to the emphasis on preserving human life in disasters. Yet this is a false division, since animals significantly shape disaster response, evacuation, logistics, cultural practices, and recovery among others, and are themselves at risk from a range of healthcare and health impacts of disasters. This session will explore the role of animals in disasters and the implications for policy and research. 

Speakers:

Mihai Swift (Natural History Museum / King’s College London)

Donelle Gadenne (Edge Hill University)

 

  • Communication in disasters

Tuesday 9 February, 4pm

Communication plays an important part in preparing for, responding to and in the aftermath of a disaster. During this session, an overview of what constitutes as the ideal strategy for risk communication will be outlined through a series of top tips. This will be followed by presentations on the practical realities of these principles, including examples of communication strategies being implemented in the field, and a discussion about social media companies’ role in overcoming issues of misinformation in an emergency.

Speakers: 

Dr Sarah Dryhurst (Winton Centre for Risk and Evidence Communication, University of Cambridge)

Dr ‪Sara K. McBride‬ (USGS)

Dr Shauna Concannon (CRASSH, University of Cambridge)

  • Imagery and disasters

Tuesday 26 January, 4pm

Throughout its history, South America has suffered several biological disasters, some of which have strongly affected the cultural, artistic and spiritual life of local communities, conditioning their beliefs, religious practices and political responses. This seminar explores, through three case studies, the socio-cultural consequences of some episodes of pandemics on the Latin American imagery, from the colonial period to the present day.

Speakers:

Dr Gabriela Ramos (University of Cambridge)

Dr Milena Viceconte (Università di Napoli “Federico II”, DisComPoSE Project)

Dr Andrea Leiva Espitia (Université de La Réunion)

Michaelmas Term 2020:

  • Culture and disasters

Monday 23rd November, 4pm

It is increasingly recognised that culture plays a critical role in the way different groups prepare for, respond to, and recover from, disasters. Yet disaster policies still often overlook or misunderstand culture. This seminar will present case studies of the role of culture in disasters and will discuss the wider implications for research and policy.

Speakers:

Dr. Roger Abbott (The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion – U.Cam)

Dr. Julie Morin (Geography – U.Cam)

Dr. Rory Walshe (Geography – U.Cam)

  • Built environment

Monday 9th November, 4pm

Imagery of post-disaster destruction often focuses on damage to the built environment. Such damage is crucial to controlling casualties resulting from natural hazards, but may also have a profound psychological impact on affected communities. This session will address the role of the built environment in creating disasters, as well as methods for using it to mitigate and respond to catastrophic events.

Speakers:

Dr. Brigitte Steger (AMES – U.Cam) 

Dr. Kristen MacAskill (Engineering – U.Cam)

Ed Barsley (Architecture).

  • Saving lives

Monday 26th October, 4pm

An intuitive definition of disasters involves mass casualties. The scale of the hazard event is one determinant of loss of life, but many other factors also play a role. This session will explore the value placed on human life in disaster preparedness and response, and how such losses can be reduced by both preparation and post-disaster response.  

Speakers:

Josh Macabuag (SARAID, World Bank)

Dr. Saki Yotsui (Ritsumeikan University)

Dr. Freya Jephcott (Centre for Existential Risk – U.Cam).

 
  • Introduction to the network
Monday 12th October, 4pm